Wadi El Gemal National Park "Valley of the Camels” is a national park is an extensive area of desert and coastal water lying 45 kms to the south of Marsa Alam. It is located about 2 hours’ drive from Marsa Alam airport. The park is the site of prehistoric rock art, as well as Ptolemaic and Roman ruins, and the mountain “Mons Smaragdus” is the site of small mining communities that date back to ancient Egypt.
It is the third largest park in the East Arabian Desert and, due to its delta, counted as one of the most beautiful National Parks in Egypt. It was official opened in May 2005 and it stretches over a total of some 5,000 km2 including several islands, a stretch of mangrove rich coast line and an extensive mountainous area inland which surround one of Egypt's largest desert wadis. it is considered as a motherland to a large varaity of plants and animals as per the desert standards.
At the entrances, the the Ababda bedouin have built some huts from iron, wood and plastic. Many of them, still, work in herding their goats flocks through the network of wadis in search of grass and water.
Animals that inhabit the valley include many rare species like the Nubian Ibex, Capra Ibex Nubiana, and the Hyrax. Wild donkeys, camels, and gazelle are also abundant in the region. The reef coast is considered approximately 17% of the marine life in the Red Sea, features coral reefs with 450 species of coral and over 1200 species of fish.